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While you await the arrival of the emergency team, do the following:
1. Check Responsiveness
- Tap the person's shoulder and shout, "Are you OK?"
- Look for normal breathing. Contact the nearest healthcare provider if there is no response.
- Start Hands-Only CPR.
- Note: Hands-Only CPR should not be used for adults whose cardiac arrest is due to drug overdose, near-drowning, or an unwitnessed cardiac arrest. In these cases, do a conventional CPR combination of chest compressions and rescue breathing.
2. Do Chest Compressions
- Place the heel of your hand on the center of the person's chest.
- Place the heel of your other hand on top of your first hand, lacing fingers together.
- Keep arms straight and your shoulders directly over your hands.
- Push hard and fast, compressing chest at least 2 inches.
- Let chest rise completely before pushing down again.
- Compress at least 100 times per minute.
Tilt the head back and lift the chin. Pinch nose and cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the chest rise. Give 2 breaths. Each breath should take 1 second
CONTINUE WITH 30 PUMPS AND 2 BREATHS UNTIL HELP ARRIVES
NOTE: This ratio is the same for one-person & two-person CPR. In two-person CPR the person pumping the chest stops while the other gives mouth-to-mouth breathing.
4. Stop Only if:
- The person starts breathing normally
- A trained responder or emergency help takes over
- You are too exhausted to continue
- There is an automated external defibrillator (AED) to use
5. Use an Automated External Defibrillator “(AED) as soon as one is Available